Paris Agreement to be Signed April 22
Over 130 countries will gather together on April 22nd, 2016, in Paris to sign the historic Paris Climate Agreement. This is a momentous occasion for global leaders and environmental activists alike, as the agreement that took years to prepare and a tense few weeks to negotiate will be signed into force by a dominant majority of the world’s nations.
At Paris in December, nations agreed to keep global temperatures below 2 degrees Celsius of warming compared to pre-industrial levels. As we covered in our reporting of the event as it happened, nations have also set the ambitious goal of striving to keep temperatures below 1.5 degrees Celsius of warming. Much of the implementation of the Agreement moving forward will be carried out according to INDCs, the Intended National Determined Contributions, all of which can be found here, that states submitted prior to the negotiations in Paris.
While the details of the Agreement have already been negotiated, the signing marks a formal step in the process of implementation. As the Guardian reports, after political leaders or their representatives sign the agreement, they must report their national ratifications or acceptances to Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon. 30 days after at least 55 countries have reported their ratifications, the Agreement enters into force. While many are critical of the Paris Agreement for not going far enough to combat climate change, its widespread acceptance and overall ambitious goal setting is a big step forward from its predecessor, the Kyoto Protocol.