Bonn Climate Conference Ends With Mixed Results
From June 3 to June 14, 2013, delegates from various nations gathered at the Bonn Climate Change Conference for meetings of all three bodies of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change: the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI), the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA), and the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP 2). The three bodies had a long list of agenda items, including finance, loss and damage, arrangements for intergovernmental meetings, budget, agriculture, market and non-market mechanisms, the REDD+ Program (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation), and the 2013-15 Review. The three bodies engaged in the talks to prepare for COP 19 at Warsaw in 2015.
The 38th meeting of the SBI never started due to procedural issues. Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine proposed an additional agenda item concerning “procedural and legal matters relating to decision-making under the COP (Council of Parties) and CMP (Members to the Kyoto Protocol).” The procedural dispute stemmed from dissatisfaction with the passage of the second commitment period for the Kyoto Protocol at COP 18 in Doha, where the commitment period was gaveled through at the last minute despite Russian objections.
Despite the lack of progress for SBI 38, SBSTA 38 was highly successful, especially in issues relating to agriculture and REDD+. Negotiators were able to provide three draft decisions on REDD+ for adoption by COP 19, including a critical decision relating to the review and reporting processes for developing nations. SBI negotiators also agreed to evaluate emissions from agricultural activities from a more holistic perspective, addressing “adaptation of agriculture to climate change impacts while promoting rural development, sustainable development and productivity of agricultural systems and food security.”
ADP-2 did not experience the success of SBI 38. Some nations saw the discussions in ADP as being repetitive; however, ADP–a group still in the early stages of discussions–managed reasonable progress in preparing for Warsaw.