IEG Advisory Group
In October, 2010, the United Nations Environment Programme created a Civil Society Advisory Group on International Environmental Governance to serve as the principal mechanism through which to collect, compile and communicate ideas to the contemporary intergovernmental discussions on international environmental governance reform. The group includes 15 representatives – one from each of the nine UN major groups and one from each of the six world regions. The selected members of the Advisory Group and their alternates (who will step in when full members are unable to participate in deliberations) are featured below (in alphabetical order of major group and region):
1. Business and Industry Major Group
Tom Jacob has had a long career with DuPont managing relations with the governments of California and the other Western states of the United States. His responsibilities have extended across the spectrum of DuPont’s science-based business interests and he has over 12 years of experience representing various industry groups and the DuPont Company in global forums including the Johannesburg Summit, Commission on Sustainable Development, UNEP Governing Council, WTO and WIPO. He has had extensive direct involvement with the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and its Kyoto Protocol, the Convention on Biological Diversity, and various chemicals-related treaties and negotiations.
Tom began his DuPont career with the Economics & Policy Division of its former petroleum subsidiary, Conoco. His background also includes a stint as the Senior Planner at the (Lake) Tahoe Regional Planning Agency. He holds two Masters Degrees from Yale University, with concentrations in Finance and in Natural Resource Policy & Economics; and an undergraduate degree from the University of California, Davis.
2. Children and Youth Major Group
A French national, Sébastien Duyck is a doctoral candidate at the University of Lapland in Finland, where he is writing his dissertation on legal aspects of environmental governance and human rights. For several years, he has been active in non governmental organizations, more particularly with Service Civil International. He worked as an organizer of international voluntary projects promoting multicultural understanding, and as a non-formal education trainer in relation to Human Rights, sustainable living and racism.
Currently, Sébastien is mainly active within the international youth climate movement, most particularly in relation to the participation of young people to the UNFCCC process. He has been among the main facilitators in the process of UNFCCC’s recognition of youth as a formal constituency. He was elected as the main focal point of the youth constituency to the UNFCCC secretariat for 2010. Sébastien has worked to strengthen internal governance within the international youth movement and on building the capacity of youth delegates attending the UNFCCC sessions.
Sébastien has also participated as a youth representative to the 2009 UNESCO World Conference on Education for Sustainable Development and the 2010 meeting of parties to the UNECE Aarhus Convention on Procedural Rights in Environmental Decision Making.
Sara Svensson has been a committed environmentalist since the age of five. Starting at the very local level, her involvement expanded to running national campaigns with international links in Fältbiologerna (Nature and Youth Sweden) and organizing sustainability trainings for students in the Baltic Sea and Lake Victoria regions. In 2005 she lived and worked with local communities in the Philippines, followed by a couple of years as vice-chair and project officer of Youth and Environment Europe. Sara holds a certificate in international project management for social movements and NGOs and is finalizing her double degree in environmental science and human ecology at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden.
In 2007, Sara added a strong policy focus to her work by training herself and her peers in strategies for influencing global environmental negotiations. She got involved in UNEP’s work from the civil society perspective through a 2-years mandate in the Tunza Youth Advisory Council, followed by a seat in the UNEP Major Groups Facilitating Committee (MGFC). She did an internship with UNEP in Nairobi, and was recently re-elected to represent global Children & Youth in the MGFC until 2012. Since June 2010, Sara is working part-time with the Global Environmental Governance Project, and empowering young people towards IEG reform and Rio+20.
Sara is an active follower of the UNFCCC negotiations and was campaigning full-time with the global youth climate movement leading up to COP15 in Copenhagen. She was an Avaaz Climate Action Factory fellow in Berlin, did a 100 Days Moving Climate Campaign travelling without flying between the UNFCCC talks in Bangkok, Barcelona and Copenhagen, engaging wih local climate groups and organizing actions for 350.org on the way. As a moral response to an immoral situation, she spent 43 days and 44 nights fasting for climate justice.
3. Farmers Major Group
Negusu Aklilu is Director of Forum for Environment in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. He has been working as environmental campaigner for the last 15 years and has played a leading role in advocating for environmental rights in Ethiopia, including the rights of farmers. He led the successful campaign to save an elephant sanctuary from encroachment by a foreign investment and two campaigns in the run up to the Copenhagen Climate Conference in 2010. One is the African Climate Appeal, a politico-moral call by key African environmental activists initiated by Nobel Laureate Wangari Maathai. The other campaign, America, Take the Lead Now, produced a petition signed by about 2 million Ethiopians to the US government. Currently, Negusu co-chairs the Ethiopian Civil Society Network on Climate change comprising 55 organizations. He is a representative of civil society organizations in Ethiopia’s National Environment Council. He has authored a number of articles on a range of environmental issues and serves as editor of a local environmental magazine, as well as co-editor of the new Ethiopian Environment Review. Having led many local campaigns in defense of the environment and social justice, his passion for these issues has expanded to other parts of Africa. Some of his other initiatives in Ethiopia include the national Green Award Program, the annual Ethiopian Environment Review and the new local Green Tax initiative. He was voted one of the 25 most influential Ethiopians in 2009/2010 by Addis Neger, Ethiopia’s largest newspaper. He is trained in biology and ecology and later in Environmental Diplomacy at a UNEP/University of Geneva post-graduate course.
Specializing in issues related to Sustainable Land Management, Natural Resource Economics, Environmental Impact Assessment, Environmental Law, Waste Management and Environmental Governance, Dr. Belliethathan is a dedicated teacher and advisor for graduate students in the Environmental Sciences Program at Addis Ababa University. He was an organizer of the first conference on Mainstreaming Environment and Sustainability in African Universities (MESA) in 2008. Currently, he works on fostering partnerships between civil society organisations and academic research institutes in the Horn of Africa region with the goal of improving the environmental governance in the region. Dr. Belliethathan is especially interested in raising environmental awareness, and in fostering institutional and human capacity-building in the field of environmental management.
4. Indigenous Peoples and their Communities Major Group
Lucy Mulenkei is a Maasai from Kenya who began as a broadcast Journalist in the government-run radio for 17 years on issues of the environment and development. Her programming focused on environmental problems in the rural Kenya and the East African Region. Lucy is the executive Director of Indigenous Information Network (IIN) in Kenya, which publishes the popular grassroots publication, Nomadic, and Environmental News magazines, focusing on environmental issues and successes affecting pastoralists and hunter-gatherers in Africa. IIN also disseminates environmental information related to the indigenous movement worldwide, and organizes workshops in Nairobi to provide a platform for African indigenous peoples to share and discuss information and to clarify their positions with respect to important international events like the World Summit on Sustainable Development.
For the past twelve (12) years, Lucy has been working both as a chair and coordinator of the African Indigenous Women’s Organization in the East African Region (AIWO), indigenous women and biodiversity Network (IWBN)for Africa and co-chair at the global level, focal point for International Indigenous Forum on biodiversity(IIFB) representing Africa, and one of the founder and member member of International Indigenous Women Forum FIMI.
At the Indigenous Information Network, She has coordinated the training and capacity building for indigenous rural nomadic pastoralist and hunter gatherers on environment and sustainable development with a main focus on biodiversity conservation and traditional knowledge, HIVand AIDs and Education. Lucy has worked with more than 100 different grassroots organizations in East Africa. She has also networked worldwide with other grassroots women and indigenous peoples organizations and networks in Africa,, Asia, Europe, Canada, Latin America, and the Pacific respectively. At the international level she has tried to connect the grassroots women especially those from her region with the international agendas.
At the National levels Lucy works closely with the ministry of Environment and other development issues. She in the past three years been appointed as one of the committee members of the Public Complaints committee on Environment under the Kenyan Environmental act a term that was for three years and has been renewed for the second term. Before Lucy also served as a member of the National Environmental Council still established under the same Environmental Act of 1999. Lucy has participated as a board and committee member of many organizations organizations both at the National regional and international levels.
Hindou Ibrahim from Chad is a local advocate for indigenous peoples rights in particular for women, children and youth. She is a regional representative for the Horn of Africa Region under IPACC, the Indigenous Peoples of Africa Coordinating Committee based in Capetown, South Africa. She has a wide experience in representing Indigenous peoples needs and aspirations in relevant UN processes such as the CBD, UNFCCC and the CSD in the context of mapping technologies. She has a background in advocacy training on linking local needs with multilateral policy instruments, and how local communities are coping with climate instability and planning for future climate change impacts. Hindou is also the indigenous peoples representative on the UNEP Major Groups Facilitating Committee.
5. Local Authorities Major Group
Maria Ivanova is the Director of the Global Environmental Governance Project at the Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy and Assistant Professor of Global Governance at the McCormack Graduate School of Policy Studies at the University of Massachusetts in Boston. Maria Ivanova is an international relations and environmental policy scholar specializing in governance and sustainability. She focuses on international organizations, climate change, US foreign environmental policy, UN reform, and sustainability on campuses and in organizations. Her career, marked by teaching excellence and policy leadership, has bridged academia and policy. Her academic work analyzes the history and performance of the international environmental architecture and the evolution of US international environmental policy. Her policy work seeks to bring analytical rigor and innovative input to the international negotiations on reforming the UN system for environmental governance. She was elected twice (in 2009 and 2010) to represent North American civil society at the UN Environment Programme’s Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environment Forum. In 2010, she was nominated and selected as coordinating lead author for the policy chapter of the landmark environmental assessment: Global Environmental Outlook-5.
From 2005 to 2010, Maria was on the faculty at the College of William and Mary in Virginia. Previously, she worked at the Environment Directorate of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in Paris and at the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency in Stockholm. In 2009, she was a fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, DC and organized the Global Environment Governance Forum: Reflecting on the Past, Moving into the Future – a unique event bringing together 80 environmental leaders, including all five successive executive directors of UNEP. She holds two Master’s degrees and a PhD in international environmental governance from Yale University.
Susanne Salz is the Executive and Policy Assistant to the Secretary General of ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability. With over 1200 members from 70 countries, ICLEI is the world’s largest network of local governments engaged in improving sustainability at the local level. ICLEI represents Local Authorities at numerous global fora including the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development (UNCSD), the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and UNEP’s Governing Councils. Susanne coordinates ICLEI’s global strategic relationships, working with partners such as UN-Habitat, UNEP and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). She represents Local Authorities at the UNCSD.
Susanne has previously worked at the Education Directorate of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in Paris and the United Nations Volunteers (UNV) in Bonn. She has a Master’s of Science in International Relations with a focus on international organizations from the London School of Economics and has also studied at the University of Sussex in Brighton and the Institut d’Ètudes Politiques in Paris.
6. NGOs Major Group
Neth Daño is Program Manager at the ETC Group in the Philippines. A researcher with extensive experience in development and policy work in agriculture, agricultural biodiversity, biosafety, climate change and environmental governance in Southeast Asia, she has broad knowledge of international organizations and UN bodies and procedures. Neth Daño has been involved in international environmental governance discussions since 2005 when she worked as Associate at Third World Network (TWN). Throughout the years, her interest and passion over the issues in IEG have deepened. She has extensive experience in engaging government actors, civil society and communities in policy advocacy, awareness raising, research and policy development. Currently, she is directly involved in discussions on geo-engineering and other emerging technologies which impact the future of the world’s food, agriculture and climate. Neth holds a Bachelor’s degree in Development Studies (cum laude) from the University of the Philippines and a Master’s in Community Development.
Dan Magraw is an expert in international environmental law and policy and has extensive experience in non-governmental organizations, government, inter-governmental organizations, business and academia. He served as President and Chief Executive Officer of CIEL from January 2002 to September 2010 and is now President Emeritus and Distinguished Scholar there. His work focuses on governance, rule of law, climate change, international financial institutions, transparency and public participation in international dispute settlement, emerging technologies, and trade, investment and environment. He is a member of the US Trade Representative’s Trade and Environment Policy Advisory Committee, chairs the American Bar Association (ABA) Section of International Law’s Task Force on Magna Carta, frequently serves as a consultant to the United Nations, and is on the Board of Directors of Lightbridge Corporation, a publicly traded company.
From 1992-2001, Dan Magraw was Director of the International Environmental Law Office at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. He has served on numerous US delegations to international negotiations, in some instances leading them. While on leave from his international environmental law position at EPA, he co-chaired a White House assessment of the regulation of genetically engineered organisms (5/00-1/01) as an Agency Representative at the Council on Environmental Quality, and served as the Acting Principal Deputy Assistant Administrator of EPA’s Office of International Activities (1/01-8/01). He was Professor of Law at the University of Colorado from 1983 to 1992 and has taught at the University of California, Berkeley, Georgetown University Law Center and Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), where he still teaches international environmental law and policy. He holds a Bachelor’s degree with high honors in Economics from Harvard University (1968) and J.D. degree from the University of California, Berkeley (1976), where he was Editor-in-Chief of the California Law Review and a founder of the Berkeley Law Foundation (an NGO that funds projects helping under-privileged and under-represented people and communities).
Dan Magraw has received many awards, including the ABA’s Award for Distinguished Achievement in Environmental Law and Policy, District of Columbia Bar Association’s Public Service Award for International Law, and United Nations Association National Capital Area’s Louis B. Sohn Award for Human Rights (Dec. 2010).
7. Science and Technology Major Group
Norichika Kanie is Associate Professor at the Department of Value and Decision Science, Graduate School of Decision Science and Technology, Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan. He is also a visiting associate professor of the United Nations University Institute of Advanced Studies. Among others he serves as a scientific steering committee member of the Earth Systems Governance programme of IHDP, and editorial board member of the journal Global Environmental Governance. Currently he is a vice chair of Working Party on Global and Structural Policies (WPGSP) at OECD. From August 2009 to July 2010 he is a Marie Curie Incoming International Fellow of the European Commission and based in SciencesPo. and IDDRI, Paris, France. Before joining Tokyo Tech, he was an associate professor at the Faculty of Law and Policy Studies, The University of Kitakyushu. He was also a Ph.D. Fellow at the United Nations University Institute of Advanced Studies (UNU/IAS).
He is interested in policy oriented work, and his research interests include governance, global environmental politics and multilateral diplomacy with particular focus on climate change. His publications include Green Growth and A New World Order, Global Asia Vol.4, No.4 (Winter 2010), pp.13-17, “Governance with Multilateral Environmental Agreements – A Healthy or Ill-equipped Fragmentation? -” in Walter Hoffmann and Lydia Swart eds. Global Environmental Governance, Center for UN Reform Education, May 2007, pp.67-86, and Emerging Forces in Environmental Governance (UNU Press, 2004, Co-edited with Peter M. Haas), which was one of the outcomes of environmental governance reform project he organized with UNU in the process leading to 2002 Johannesburg Summit. He received his Ph.D. in Media and Governance from the Keio University.
Oran Young is a professor at the Bren School of Environmental Science & Management at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Specializing in the analysis of environmental institutions with particular reference to international regimes, Dr. Young also serves as Co-director of the Program on Governance for Sustainable Development at the Bren School. Dr. Young served for six years as Founding Chair of the Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change of the National Academy of Sciences and chaired the Scientific Steering Committee of the international project on the Institutional Dimensions of Global Environmental Change (IDGEC). He currently chairs the Scientific Committee of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change. An expert on Arctic issues, Dr. Young also chairs the Steering Committee of the Arctic Governance Project. Past service includes vice-presidency of the International Arctic Science Committee, Chair of the Board of Governors of the University of the Arctic, and Co-chair of the Arctic Human Development Report. The author of more than 20 books, his most recent title is Institutional Dynamics: Emergent Patterns in International Environmental Governance (2010).
8. Women Major Group
Christine von Weizsäcker, a biologist, is the author of many contributions to the scientific and public debates on technology assessment. Her special emphasis has been on nuclear energy and modern biotechnology. Since the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro (1992) she has been a leading figure in negotiations of international environmental agreements, in particular the Convention on Biological Diversity and its Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. Christine von Weizsäcker was Lecturer of the Year 1998 of the National Association for Science, Technology and Society, USA, and received the Immanuel Kant Global Citizen Award in 2006. She serves on a number of boards and advisory committees on environmental, agricultural, consumer and sustainability policy and is president of the European Network Ecoropa.
Sascha Gabizon is the Executive Director of WECF Women in Europe for a Common Future. WECF is a network of 90 women’s and environment organisations based in 30 countries of Europe, Eastern-Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia. Sascha Gabizon is a Dutch national, and worked from 1992-1995 with the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Energy and Environment (WI), where she was the co-founder of the Wuppertal Institute’s “FrauenWissen” (Women’s Scientists). In 1994 Sascha joined WECF to prepare the WECF conferences during the 4th World Women’s Conference in Beijing in 1995. Since 1996, she has been Executive Director of WECF and developed the network and its activities in Western and Eastern Europe and Central Asia. In 1999, she founded a WECF office in Germany. As Executive Director, Sascha Gabizon is responsible for the implementation of the water and sanitation programmes in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia, in particular for rural areas. Currently these programmes involve some 6000 beneficiaries, receiving access to safe water supply and sanitation, in particular dry urine-diverting toilets which allow nutrient recycling and on-site waste-water soil filters. Sascha Gabizon has lived and worked in Spain, Netherlands, France, Germany, and the US and has long-term project experience in Armenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, Russia, Poland, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. She has published a large number of case studies and articles. Sascha Gabizon is currently also the chair of the UNEP Major Groups Facilitation Committee.
9. Workers and Trade Unions Major Group
Laura Martin Murillo is the Executive Director of SustainLabour, International Labour Foundation for Sustainable Development. The Foundation, based in Madrid, is formally recognized as the advisory structure in matters of sustainability for the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) as well as for Trade Union organizations from the five continents. Since assisting in its creation in 2003, Ms. Murillo, has been working for the Foundation carrying out pioneer work that involves trade unions in environmental processes.
A trade union representative at the UNEP Governing Council since 2005, Ms. Murillo has also been representing unions on an ongoing basis at the United Nations Commission for Sustainable Development (CSD) as well as at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) beginning in 2004.
Ms. Murillo coordinates the joint SustainLabour-UNEP Program on Labour and Environment as well as programs with other UN agencies such as: SAICM (Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management), the International Labour Organisation, etc.
Ernest Rukangira has been involved in environment and sustainable development issues for more than 20 years at the government and NGO levels. He is currently the Executive Director of Conserve Africa Foundation. Mr. Rukangira acted as the national focal point for co-operation with international organizations and donors involved in environmental issues (e.g. UNEP, World Bank, UNDP, USAID, etc.) for his country. He worked with the UNEP’s Regional Office for Africa on strengthening national environmental programmes for his country including the national environmental law and biodiversity strategy. He was part of government delegations to AMCEN meetings and to international meetings in relation to the conventions on biological diversity, climate change and desertification.
He prepared the Rwandan National Environmental Action Plan with the support from UNEP, World Bank and UNDP; and influenced successfully the government to establish the first Ministry of Environment in his country. He represented his country and the Environment Liaison Centre International (ELCI) in many international programmes and meetings including UNEP Governing Councils, the Conferences of Parties on Biodiversity, Desertification and Climate Change, and the 1992 Rio Earth Summit.
He was a member of the Board of Trustees of the British Overseas NGOs for Development (BOND) and is currently a member of London Regional Centre for Expertises on Education for Sustainability. He holds a BSc and MSc in chemistry and Biology, a M.Sc. in Environmental Science and Technology from UNESCO’s International Institute for Infrastructural, Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering, Delft, Netherlands; and a MSc Degree in Development Studies from the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.
Robert Bakiika is Deputy Executive Director of Environmental Management for Livelihood Improvement (EMLI) and a graduate research student at Faculty of Forestry and Nature Conservation at Makerere University working on exploring synergies of the 3 –Rio conventions in Uganda and addressing their governance challenges. He has been working in the context of AMCEN and submitting the African Civil Society Statement to the 15th AU summit and the Civil society network of UN-ECOSOC. Mr. Bakiika is a strong advocate for African civil society issues and has a wide UN system experience including relevant meetings at FAO, UNEP, UNCCD, World Bank and the UNFCCC. He organized the first national Global Environmental Governance Forum in Uganda in partnership with the Global Environmental Governance Project.
Robert has served on many committees at national, regional and international level such the UNDP Virtual Project Appraisal Committee for the Territorial Approach to Climate Change, Forest Governance Learning Group, Environment and Natural Resources thematic group of the Uganda National NGO Forum, Pan African Climate Justice Alliance, IPEN Anglo Africa, Climate Action Network, REDD+ Partnership of the World Bank and the UN-REDD and Uganda Climate Change Forum. Robert represented Uganda’s civil society to Thirty second session of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation and the Subsidiary body of Scientific and Technological Advice (SBI /SBSTA 32) during the Bonn climate meeting in Germany.
Robert holds a BSc degree from Makerere University and a certificate in management of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) under the UNDP SGP training program. Robert is a winner of International Union of Forest Research organizations (IUFRO) Scientist Assistance Program award 2010. Robert has carried out extensive research on the various laws and policies in the environment and natural resources sector of Uganda.
11. Asia and the Pacific
Dr. Atiq Rahman is Executive Director of the Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies (BCAS) which has emerged as the leading think tank in Bangladesh and also in South Asia on Resource Management, Environment and Sustainable Development issues. He is a leading Environment and Development Specialist with wide national, international and global experience and involvement in sustainable development, environment and resource management, poverty and equity, disaster management, public participation, global governance and modelling evaluation issues. He is also working on capacity building, optimal capacity utilization, methodological and institutional development in developing countries and communities.
Dr. Rahman is an author and consultant on environment, sustainable development issues and on global planning. He is presently the Convening Lead Author for the chapter on “Sustainable Development and Renewable Energy” in the IPCC special report on Renewable Energy. He contributed to the formulation of UNEP’s Global Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change as well to the UN Human Development Report 2007-2008. He is also the Convenor of a regional network the Climate Action Network South Asia (CANSA) and the Coordinator of the Global Forum on the Environment and Poverty (GFEP) an international network mandated at UNCED. Dr. Rahman has been a consultant to the World Bank, Asian Development Bank (ADB), UNDP, UN-DESA, UNEP, IFAD, ESCAP, UNCTAD, Asian Development Bank, many national governments, several national and international NGOs. Dr. Rahman is the recipient of UNEP’s prestigious Champion of the Earth Award 2008, the Bangladesh National Environment Award 2008 for his contribution to research work and scientific innovation and he shares the Nobel Peace prize 2007 as a lead author of the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report.
Masanori Kobayashi has been following international environmental governance issues in different capacities, most recently as a member of the research community represented at the UNEP Governing Council and related civil society forums. He undertook research work to analyze national, sub-regional and international governance issues based on various thematic issues including climate change, biodiversity, resource efficiency and stakeholder empowerment mainly through the work spearheaded under the Asia – Pacific Forum for Environment and Development (APFED).
Arthur Dahl is President of the International Environment Forum and on the boards of the European Baha’i Business Forum and the Global Islands Network. His 40 years of environmental activism include speaking at the first Earth Day (Washington, D.C. 1970), representing the Baha’i International Community at the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment (1972), and serving in the secretariat for the Rio Earth Summit (1992). An ecologist by training (Ph.D. University of California at Santa Barbara), he is a retired Deputy Assistant Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and coordinated the UN System-wide Earthwatch. After retirement, he co-founded the UNEP/University of Geneva Programme of Advanced Studies in Environmental Diplomacy. He is a Visiting Professor at the University of Brighton (UK) and advisor to an EU-funded project on values-based indicators of education for sustainable development. His specialities include indicators of sustainability, environmental assessment and observing strategies, coral reefs, biodiversity, small island developing States (SIDS), ethics of climate change, and religion and environment. He also spent many years in the South Pacific and organized the Pacific Regional Environment Programme. He lectures widely, and has published many scientific papers and books including: “Island Directory”, “Unless and Until: A Baha’i Focus on the Environment” and “The Eco Principle: Ecology and Economics in Symbiosis”.
Torbjörn Tännsjö has been Professor of Practical Philosophy at Stockholm University since 2002 and director of the Stockholm Centre for Health Care Ethics. He is also an Affiliated Professor of Medical Ethics at Karolinska Institute. He is a member of the medical ethics committee of the National Board of Health and Welfare (the Swedish Government agency responsible for the supervision, evaluation and monitoring of social services, health care and medical services, dental care, environmental health, and control of communicable diseases). He is member of the editorial board of Monash Bioethics Review, Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, (Journal of Political Philosophy), and Philosophical Papers, the ethics section of the web psychiatric journal Psychomedia, The Intergenerational Justice Review, and Bioethics. His most recent work is “Global Democracy: The Case for a World Government” (Edinburgh UP) written in connection with the research project Democracy Unbound supported by the Swedish Research Council.
13. Latin America and the Caribbean
Carlos Manuel Rodriguez is the former Vice Minister (1998-2002) and Minister (2002-2006) of Environment and Energy from Costa Rica and is now the Vice President for International Policy of Conservation International.
He is an expert on environment policy who has dedicated all his professional life to the conservation of the natural world. Carlos Manuel Rodriguez was the director of the national parks service in Costa Rica. He represented the nation in all international biodiversity meetings, including the CBD, CITES, CMS, Whaling and Desertification Conventions. As environment and energy minister for Costa Rica, Carlos Manuel Rodriguez was a pioneer in the development of payment for ecosystem services. This groundbreaking strategy has helped Costa Rica conserve ecosystems that would likely have been pillaged for resources, and was among the policies that have allowed the country to become one of Central America’s strongest economies. Carlos Manuel Rodriguez was also a key player in the establishment of a multinational marine park and international efforts to eliminate bottom trawling and other unsustainable fishing practices. In his new role as CI’s regional vice president and director of Conservation International’s Mexico and Central America program, he is expanding the reach of the conservation solutions he spearheaded in Costa Rica.
Pedro ranha is the Vice President of a Latin American and Caribbean network of environmental NGOs. He has experience with civil society movements in Latin-America since 1992. He has been instrumental towards ensuring the participation of civil society in many instances related to the post 1992 Rio processes. He is a member of the Brazilian Forum of NGOs and Social Movements for the Environment and the Development (FBOMS) which was created in 1990 to facilitate the participation of civil society in Rio Earth Summit. During this process, FBOMS came together to ensure both a structure as well as a democratic and participatory forum for Brazilian civil society, setting up channels of dialogue with other important national and international stakeholders. Representing civil society, FBOMS also participates in the coordination of the ongoing discussions on United Nations system-wide coherence in the fields of environment and sustainable development and is now preparing the Latin American civil society towards the Earth Summit 2012.
14. North America
Ambassador John W. McDonald is a lawyer, diplomat, former international civil servant, development expert and peacebuilder, concerned about world social, economic, environmental and ethnic problems. He is Chairman and co-founder of the Institute for Multi-Track Diplomacy, in Washington D.C.
Ambassador McDonald retired from the US Foreign Service in 1987, after 40 years as a diplomat. He has carried out a wide variety of assignments for the State Department in the area of multilateral diplomacy and has served in Berlin, Frankfurt, Bonn, Paris, Washington D.C., Ankara, Tehran, Karachi, and Cairo. He spent sixteen years of his career working on United Nations economic and social affairs. He was Secretary of the US delegation to the 1972 Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment and drafted the four resolutions that subsequently created the UN Environment Programme. He was leader of the U.S. Delegation to the UN World Conference on Technical Cooperation Among Developing Countries; President of the INTELSAT World Conference called to draft a treaty on privileges and immunities; head of the U.S. Delegation which negotiated a UN Treaty Against the Taking of Hostages; U.S. Coordinator for the UN Decade on Drinking Water and Sanitation; U.S. Coordinator and head of the U.S. Delegation for the UN’s World Assembly on Aging. From 1974-78, he was Deputy Director General of the International Labor Organization (ILO) in Geneva.
In 1983, Ambassador McDonald joined the State Department’s newly formed Center for the Study of Foreign Affairs as its Coordinator for Multilateral Affairs, and lectured and organized symposia on the art of negotiation, multilateral diplomacy and international organizations. In 1987-88, he became a Professor of Law at The George Washington University Law School in Washington, D.C. He was Senior Advisor to George Mason University’s Center for Conflict Analysis and Resolution and taught and lectured at the Foreign Service Institute and the Center for the Study of Foreign Affairs. From December, 1988, to January, 1992, McDonald was President of the Iowa Peace Institute in Grinnell, Iowa and was a Professor of Political Science at Grinnell College. He has written or edited eight books on negotiation and conflict resolution.
Ambassador McDonald holds both a B.A. and a J.D. degree from the University of Illinois, and graduated from the National War College in 1967. He was appointed Ambassador twice by President Carter and twice by President Reagan to represent the United States at various UN World Conferences. He holds about 100 speeches a year.
Dr. Philip J. Vergragt is a Professor Emeritus of Technology Assessment at Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands. He is currently a Senior Associate at Tellus Institute in Boston, USA, and a Research Professor at Clark University, Worcester, MA. Before moving to the United States in 2003, he was Deputy Director of the Dutch government’s Sustainable Technological Development Program in the 1990s. His main research interests are technological innovation for sustainability, technology assessment of emerging technologies, sustainable consumption, sustainable system innovation, and small-scale experimentation and learning; with special interests in energy, housing, and transportation. At the Tellus Institute he works on the “Great Transition Initiative” to bring about a societal transition towards sustainability. Prof. Vergragt is a co-founder and an Advisory Board member of the Greening of Industry network, and recently he co-founded SCORAI, the Sustainable Consumption Research and Action Initiative in the US and Canada. He has published more than 70 academic papers and book chapters, and co-authored 2 books. He obtained a Ph.D. in Chemistry from Leiden University in 1976.
15. West Asia
Dr. Mehdi Ahmed Jaaffar has worked with UNEP’s Regional Office for West Asia for the past 6 years as a civil society representative. He has worked with the IUCN in his former capacity at the Sultan Qaboos University, and engaged over the years with UNEP in his official capacity as the former Director General of Nature Reserves at the Ministry of Regional Municipalities and Environment (1994-1998). He was the cofounder and served as vice president for the past years of the only civic environmental society in Oman. He obtained his Ph.D from the University of Glasgow in 1990 in human resources development. He was also involved in the collective role of formulating his country’s national biodiversity strategy and action plan. He has written and edited a number of environmental publications and columns.
Kassem El-Saddik is the vice-president of “Development Without Borders” (DWB) a national NGO whose mission revolved around promoting development and environmental sustainability in Lebanon and the region. He is a board member of the Health Science Chapter/ AUB Alumni Association.
Kassem is an experienced Environmental and Public Health professional with proven capabilities in strategic management and policy development. Currently he is commissioned as a consultant supporting the government of Dubai in the strategy management and planning for environment and health sectors in the Emirate.
Throughout his career, Kassem has built a hands-on experience in the government, private and the third sector, and accumulated a broad knowledge of international organizations and UN bodies. He has engaged extensively with various stakeholders in planning, mobilizing and policy development. In 2001, he facilitated the national efforts to establish the National Committee for Volunteering as part of Lebanon’s commitment to the principles of the International Year of Volunteers. In 2007, he founded DWB. And since 2006 he is active member in CIVICUS and the IAIA (International Association for Impact Assessment). In the last couple of years, Kassem’s interest in the international environment issues led him to follow closely the discussion on reforming the global environmental governance. Lately He has engaged in independent research in environmental governance and policies. His paper on mainstreaming environmental assessment in the GCC was presented in the first Gulf Research Meeting held in Cambridge University in 2010.